Checklist for Winterizing A Vacant Home

A Snowbirds Checklist to Winterizing Your Vacant Home Before You Fly South

A lot of people like to head South once winter arrives, but what happens to their homes during this time. In many cases, these homes are left vacant for several months, and if they aren’t properly winterized they can suffer serious damage during that time. If you are a snowbird who is planning on spending the winter someplace warmer than your own home, here are some things you should be doing so that you don’t come home to a costly repair bill.

1. Shut Off The Water

The biggest problem that plagues homeowners who don’t winterize their vacant homes is that the water in their pipes freeze and burst. Therefore, the first thing that should always be done before leaving a home is to shut off the water. For most modern homes, this is as easy as shutting off the main valve. If your home’s water is supplied by a well, you will also need to shut off the breaker to the pump system.

Sewer line replacement - flooded basement

Via by Carlos Pacheco

2. Shut Off The Water Heater 


Once the water is shut off, it’s time to shut off and drain the water heater. If you have a gas water heater, simply turn the controls to the “Off” position and shut off the gas valve. If you have an electric heater, you will need to shut it off at the breaker. Once the water heater is shut off, you should be able to drain the water by opening a faucet or spigot.

3. Drain All Supply Lines

Drain all the pipes, sinks and faucets of water by turning on the faucets after the main water is shut off.  If your house uses a well, you should drain the pressure tank as well. You shouldn’t have any water in your pipes before you leave your house. Blow out your pipes with an air compressor to make sure that they are completely drained.

4. Use Antifreeze to Prevent Frozen Toilets

Once your pipes are completely drained, flush your toilet until there is no more water left. Fill it with antifreeze, preferably a non-toxic RV solution.

5. Turn Off Electrical and Heating Systems

Most of your electrical systems won’t be needed during the winter if there will be nobody in your home. Heating systems should be turned off as well. Furnaces can collect condensation, so they can be affected by freezing as well. Once your heating system is shut off, inspect it to make sure that it is completely dry.

6. Leave a Notice About Your Winterized Home

Finally, you should leave a sign in your home warning that it has been winterized and that your water, electricity and heat are not turned on just in case you have any unwanted visitors staying in your home.

Winterizing your home is a simple tack with huge returns. As long as you follow these steps, you can be sure that your home will be safe while you stay warm down South.

By Nick Wert